Antonio Savaresi: a military doctor between Egypt, the Caribbean and Italy


January 2017


How did war-driven mobility and the needs of the new mass armies catalyse the circulation of medical knowledge? What role did empirical experience and academic education play in the shaping of medicine and how did European scientists appropriate and re-frame non-European practices and ideas? What strategies of scholarly self-legitimation did early nineteenth-century military doctors adopt? And how were medical science, colonialism and racial anthropology interconnected? Our article tackles these questions through a biographical case study on Antonio Savaresi (1773-1830): a former republican exile from Naples who served many years in the French armies in Egypt, on the Caribbean island of Martinique and in Italy, facing and studying epidemic diseases like the plague, yellow fever and ophtalmia.


Out now: Roberto Zaugg & Andrea Graf, «Guerres napoléoniennes, savoirs médicaux, anthropologie raciale. Le médecin militaire Antonio Savaresi entre Égypte, Caraïbes et Italie», in Roberto Zaugg (ed.), Guerre, maladie, empire, special issue of Histoire, médecine et santé 10 (2016), pp. 17-44.


Related content: Military health services in colonial contexts